How to Stay Sun Smart this Summer


14 Jul How to Stay Sun Smart this Summer

With summer at its peak, it’s natural to want to spend more time outdoors. This can be risky however, if you are not being sun safe. Constant unprotected exposure to the sun increases your risk for heat stroke, dehydration, sun burn, and even skin cancer. Follow these steps to ensure that you have a safe and fun time in the sun this summer and all summers to come!


⊂ 1 ⊃ Check the UV Index


The National Weather Service uses weather forecast information to create a daily index that assesses the risk of damage caused by UV exposure. Knowing in advance what the index predicts for that day can help you avoid getting burned




⊂ 2 ⊃ Stay Out of the Sun

stay-out-of-the-sun-dayThis is especially important between the peak hours of 10 AM and 2 PM; UV is at its highest around the middle of the day, when the sun is directly overhead. If you are outdoors during this time, stay in the shade. You can still sunburn in the shade (or even on overcast days), but shade will help protect you.

  • Create your own shade. As well as using a hat, carrying an umbrella or parasol and making use of it to keep off the sun is a very good way of keeping you safe.
  • If you have heavy physical activity to perform outside, try to do it in the morning or evening, not the heat of midday. If you do have to work midday, take plenty of breaks and drink at least 1 cup of water every 15-20 minutes.
  • When walking babies and children outdoors, choose the coolest parts of the day. Use a shade canopy over a baby’s stroller and ensure that children are adequately covered with clothing, hats, sunglasses and sunscreen when out in the heat of the day.


⊂ 3 ⊃ Watch Your Shadow


UV intensity is correlated with the angle of the sun relative to your position on earth. If your body is casting a short shadow, you may want to retreat into the shade.







⊂ 4 ⊃ Cool Off if you Start to Feel Overheated


Cold%20Shower%20MuscleSpending too much time in the sun can cause heat exhaustion in addition to sunburn. Wet a towel with cool water and place it on your forehead or neck to help you cool down.

  • Take a swim. Submerging your body in cool water can help lower your body temperature–but don’t let it drop too low. Body temperatures can drop 25 times faster in cold water than in cold air, and if your body temperature drops below 95 degrees Fahrenheit, you may experience hypothermia. Knowing the water temperature and air temperature forecasts in advance can help you avoid extreme swings in body temperature.






⊂ 5 ⊃ Be Cautious of Sun Exposure While Driving


Roll up car windows and run the air conditioning rather than dangling your arm out the window. Glass blocks UV light reasonably well, but you should

still apply sunscreen to yourself and any passengers.

  • If you’re lucky enough to drive a convertible, make sure to apply sunscreen and wear a protective hat.






⊂ 6 ⊃ Know the Signs and Symptoms of Heat Stroke and Heat Exhaustion

If you experience any of the following symptoms, get out of the sun (preferably someplace cool) and drink plenty of fluids: tumblr_o865uxRK2M1see6tqo1_500

  • skin that is hot to the touch
  • excessive sweating
  • dizziness or disorientation
  • fatigue
  • nausea or vomiting
  • rapid heartbeat
  • dark and/or infrequent urination
  • If symptoms do not improve after a half hour, seek medical attention immediately.










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